One of the great challenges of the 21st century is the unification of human knowledge for the solution of problems that significantly transcend traditional disciplinary spheres. Among these problems, the issues related to the conservation and use of natural resources are among the most urgent facing humankind. Their resolution call for a greater dialogue between the different forms of knowledge.
The cities of the Campos Basin dramatically exemplify the challenges of socio-economic and environmental problems arising from the exploitation of natural resources. Approximately 82% of the oil currently produced in Brazil is extracted from this region of the country. On the one hand, there has been a huge contribution of resources to the cities of the region via petroleum royalties and investments made by the oil industry. On the other, intense economic activity has created rampant and disorganized population growth in the region, with concomitant destruction of habitats and misuse of spaces and natural resources. What and how many species have been or will be lost in this process? What environmental resources and services are being harmed by these changes? How can we curb immediate consumerism and motivate conservation of natural resources for following generations?
In this scenario of uncertainties, the Graduate Program in Environmental Sciences and Conservation (PPG-CiAC) emerged as an attempt to understand and resolve the vertiginous human impacts on the natural resources of the northern half of the state of Rio de Janeiro. This is a challenge that requires the integration of distinct disciplines of human knowledge, dealing with biological, physicochemical, and socioeconomic perceptions of biodiversity.
AREAS OF RESEARCH
PPG-CiAC intends to form professionals with a solid base in the sciences who are dedicated to the conservation and management of natural resources and who are able to integrate concepts and methods from the different disciplines of Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Geology in the analysis of environmental issues. PPG-CiAC’s research includes the description and recognition of the rich regional biodiversity, as well as understanding the functioning of natural ecosystems for their management, conservation, and sustainable use. PPG-CiAC students therefore have the opportunity to take a varied set of classes and develop research that incorporates interdisciplinarity as a basic principle for understanding and analyzing complex scientific issues
Ideally, the theoretical bases of conservation and management of natural resources integrate studies that contemplate different levels of organization, pragmatism, and applicability. The two lines of PPG-CiAC research are designed to understand all these levels of complexity, ranging from studies of molecular interactions in organisms to whole ecosystems, including their human and social components.
Biodiversity: structure and recognition
The research line “Biodiversity: structure and recognition” aims to catalogue the biological diversity of the region at the main structural levels of the ecosystem. In this concept, Biodiversity is understood as an integrative term that covers all aspects of biological variation, from the diversity of species and populations to the chemical and molecular diversity that promotes the interaction between organisms in an ecosystem. We thus strive to understand and evaluate the biological, aesthetic, and socioeconomic value of the natural heritage contained in the regional ecosystems that are currently under socio-environmental impacts related, albeit indirectly, to the exploitation of petroleum. This approach to understanding an ecosystem’s structuring levels is multidisciplinary, as it integrates the description and recognition of biodiversity with the identification and characterization of its genetic and chemical resources.
Natural systems: assessment, conservation and socio-environmental development
The research line “Natural Systems: Evaluation, Conservation and Socio-environmental Development” aims to understand the functioning of natural systems as a precondition of their restoration and management, something that is indispensable for achieving social and environmental development in the region. In this line, Ecology therefore plays the role of integrating agent with Geosciences and Environmental Chemistry. In an interdisciplinary and transversal way, this like thus seeks to promote scientific advances that favor socio-environmental development in the north of the state of Rio de Janeiro.
Alexandre de Azevedo, PhD
Analysis of Class V myosin expression in adult vertebrates and during embryonic development; Embryonic development of neotropical fish; Reproduction and Development of Marine Organisms; Marine Psiculture.
Carlos Alberto de Moura Barboza, PhD
Danielle da Silveira dos Santos, PhD
Biotechnology with emphasis on Industrial Microbiology and Fermentation, development of processes aimed at the production of biofuels, enzymes, biosurfactants, organic acids, waste treatment and industrial effluents.
Fabio Di Dario, PhD
Phylogeny of Otocephala (Teleostei), and the monophyly of Ostariophysi and Clupeomorpha. Phylogenetic relationships between the great Clupeomorpha groups and their possible relations with Ostariophysi (Actinopterygii, Teleostei); Phylogenetic Relations in Engrauloidea from the analysis of morphological and molecular data (Teleostei: Clupeomorpha);Phylogeny of Pristigasteroidea (Teleostei, Clupeomorpha); Morphology, ontogeny and biogeography of fish; Systematics of Clupeomorpha; Fish systematics (emphasis on marine groups)
Flávia Borges Mury, PhD
Francisco de Assis Esteves, PhD
Ecology of coastal lagoons, with emphasis on environmental impact assessment and mitigating proposals; Ecological Studies of Lake Batata and Igarapés under influence of Bauxite Mining activities; Ecology of Coastal Ponds
Giuliana Franco Leal, PhD
Society, environment and work; Configurations and reconfigurations of social ties of skilled migrant workers in Macaé (RJ): flexibility and belongings in advanced modernity.
Glaucia Valente Valadares, PhD
Research Leader of the Integrated Health Research Group; Member of the Center for Research Fundamentals of Nursing Care – NUCLEARTE / EEAN / UFRJ. Currently: participating in the Prospecting team of the Professional Master’s Degree in Nursing and of the Professional Master’s Degree related to Environment and Society – UFRJ-Macaé Campus Professor Aloísio Teixeira.
Gustavo Arantes Camargo, PhD
Heitor Monteiro Duarte, PhD
Laura Isabel Weber da Conceição, PhD
Leonardo Araujo de Abreu, PhD
Lísia Mônica de Souza Gestinari, PhD
Malinda Dawn Henry, PhD
Marco Antônio Lopes Cruz, PhD
Marcos Paulo Figueiredo de Barros, PhD
Mário Sérgio Schultz, PhD
Maurício Mussi Molisani, PhD
Cyclization of chemical species in aquatic ecosystems and environmental contamination; Evaluation of effects of actions in drainage basins in coastal environments; Hydrology;
Natalia Martins Feitosa, PhD
Pablo Rodrigues Gonçalves, PhD
Pedro Hollanda Carvalho, PhD
Raquel Gestinari, PhD
Rodrigo Lemes Martins, PhD
Tatiana Ungaretti Paleo Konno, PhD
Teo Bueno de Abreu, PhD
Vinícius Albano Araújo, PhD
Internal morphology of insects with emphasis on structural and ultrastructural characteristics of the reproductive and digestive systems of Hemiptera and Hymenoptera, with potential application in behavior and systematics.
YOUR FUTURE STARTS HERE.
NUPEM/UFRJ – Instituto de Biodiversidade e Sustentabilidade